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Archive for the ‘Asher’ Category

I’m headed to Salt Lake City in a few weeks and I decided to pull together a county list for the Asher’s who appear on my timeline. Now I’m a bit depressed. There is no way I’ll be able to be thorough for all these counties in less than 7 days! But at least I can hit the most likely suspects and perhaps divide the rest of the work amongst my cousins.

Here are the counties, organized by state. As I pull stuff together I will come back and edit this list with annotation regarding most likely prospects due to frequency of Asher connections in the area.

Starting with my old favorite – Indiana

  • Boone(3)
  • Clinton(11)
  • Delaware
  • Fayette(3)
  • Franklin
  • Huntington
  • Madison(5)
  • Putnam(7)
  • Rush(7)
  • Shelby(2)
  • Wayne(lots)

then to my next most visited state – Iowa

  • Hardin(5)
  • Jasper(5)
  • Lucas(3)
  • Marion(5)
  • Marshall
  • Muscatine
  • Lucas(3)
  • Tama(2)

On to Kansas

  • Allen(13)
  • Nehema
  • Reno

And finally Missouri (predictable patterns all)

  • Hickory
  • Jackson
  • McDonald
  • Nodaway
  • St. Clair

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According to the War of 1812 pension file of Thomas Asher, who died in TX in 1885, he was drafted in Anderson County, Tennessee, in October 1814 and was discharged at Anderson County Tennessee in May 1815. He married Mary McGee in Anderson County on 6 May 1817. And he was a widower residing in Dewitt County, Texas on 10 January 1872. There are several Internet family trees that say this Thomas resided for a period in Indiana, married Polly Asher in Wayne County Indiana and perhaps sojourned in Illinois and/or Missouri on his way to Texas. In light of the sworn testimony of his pension file, let’s examine the Federal Census evidence working backwards from the 1880 census (with a small detour into tax and land records.)

1880 Kerr County, TX – Thomas Asher, age 83 born in TN, is residing in the household of his married son John H Asher, age 38 born TX. No other children of Thomas Asher are resident in the household.

1870 there is no discernible entry for this Thomas Asher in TX. Not with his son and not on his own. There is also no entry for John H Asher although several of their 1880 neighbors can be found in Kerr County. Perhaps they were missed by the census taker.

1860 Gonzales County, TX – Thos (sic) Asher born c. 1795 is living with a household that appears to include 2 adults sons, a married adult daughter and an unmarried daughter all of whom are either born in Tennessee or Texas. Their ages and places of birth – Frank age 22 and Nancy age 20 born TN and John age 19 and Lousa age 14 born TX – don’t appear to leave room for a sojourn in Indiana and Illinois.

1850 Dewitt County, TX – Thomas Asher (indexed as Ashen) age 53 born Tennessee. The household’s children are born in TN, IL and TX. The ages of the children indicate that the family was in TN until about 1820 and then in IL to about 1828.

So now we can be more confident in stating that Thomas Asher of Texas, resided in Tennessee from at least 1814 – about 1820, he then moved to Illinois until at least 1828 and probably later and he was resident in Texas by 1836 when son John was born there.

Backtracking to 1840 is impossible given the lack of 1840 TX census. However the DeWitt County 1846 tax list (on Ancestry.com) shows a Thomas Asher who is exactly where we would expect him to be.  There is also no 1830 TX census and given the historical context it is unlikely that Thomas would have been in Texas in 1830.

1830 Green County, Illinois – There is only 1 Thomas Asher household in Illinois in 1830.  He is of the correct age bracket. His household composition is what we would expect working from the 1850 census. In 1836, a Thomas Adams completed a purchase of Federal Land in Adams County, Illinois.  He had begun the purchase in 1834.  I have been unable to correlate this land purchaser with the Thomas Asher of interest.  There is also a Thomas Asher purchasing federal land in 1818 but he is a different veteran of the War of 1812 who served in the 4th Rifle Regiment.

1820 Bond County, Illinois – Again there is only 1 Thomas Asher household in Illinois in 1820.  Thomas Asher and a Robinson Asher are enumerated side by side. The ages and household composition are what we would expect for the household of the Thomas Asher who died in Texas.

These census migrations appear to leave little room for Thomas Asher to have spent time in Indiana. Being complete however, and checking Indiana census for 1820 and 1830 shows that  – There is only 1 Thomas Asher in Indiana in 1820 and he is too old to be our man (not to mention the fact that this is the man whose family we are trying to connect with the Texas Thomas!) There are 3 Thomas Asher heads of household in the Indiana 1830 Federal Census, but none of them are old enough to be this Thomas Asher.  In 1840 in Clinton County, a Thomas Asher is enumerated but he is too young to be our Thomas. In October 1834, a Thomas Asher completed his purchase of two pieces of Federal land in Clinton County, Indiana and he was listed as being a resident of Fayette County, Indiana.

Although stranger things have happened than someone moving back and forth between Illinois, Indiana and Texas within these tight timespans, my review of the evidence indicates that despite the Internet, his Tennessee birth and his birth year of 1797, this Thomas is not closely connected to the Indiana Asher families under consideration. The balance of the evidence indicates that this Thomas spent no or very little time in Indiana. The land purchases and the census listing in Indiana belong to a different as yet unidentified Thomas Asher.

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A big thank you to cousin Darrel who went over the Asher timeline with a fine toothed comb and discovered errors and helped with additions. Rather than do a second post, I added Darrel’s notes and corrections to the existing timeline but put them in red. I, also crossed out the far too many errors. I’m so embarassed that I was so sloppy. Maybe I should turn in my certification!  (I have got to remember to categorize posts)

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Somethings just scream at you when you see them. The prevalence of the names Matilda, Thomas, Sarah, Nancy and William and the repeats of Delilah, Asa, Alvin. Leroy and Rebecca are pretty glaring. Does it mean anything? None of these are rare names. Sarah and Thomas are obvious choices for the children of Thomas and Sarah Asher. So are the others, if they honor siblings who are deceased. but when these less common names show up in the households of apparently unconnected Asher families living somewhat near by. In particular the family of Thomas and Polly Asher – who used Thomas, Matilda, Delilah and the very rare name Allenson. (presumably after the husband of Nancy Asher Allenson McLeland.) seems to have taken its names from the households of Alvin and Thomas Asher.

So a picture seems to be slowly emerging.

Children of Thomas and Sarah Asher

Alvin Asher and Sarah Perry have sons Leroy, Asa and Lebrun, daughters Matilda

Asa Asher and his wives have sons Alvin, James Monroe, Albert, Madison, Asa Washington, and daughters Sarah J, Idda, Elizabeth, Matilda E., Mahala Emma, Delilah

Thomas Asher and Matilda Baxter have sons John and Samuel, daughters Nancy, Sarah, Matilda

John McLeland and Matilda Asher have sons Thomas Asher and James R, daughters Caroline and Lindamira (and possibly Elizabeth who died young)

Levi Quick and Ermina Arminia Asher have sons William A. and Amos A and daughter Cordelia Ellen.

Edward Quick and Minerva Asher have sons James M, Thomas J, John (twin),  Alvin Douglas and Theodore and daughters Ermina Arminia J. , Elizabeth, Savanah Jane, Olive, Harriet Cordelia and Rachel (twin)

Edward Wyatt and Sarah Asher have son Thomas and daughters Mary E. and Sarah R.

John Bush and Sarah Asher have sons Ely, John Albert, George, Martin William and Benjamin and daughters Carolina, Delila, Emily and Fanny (? maybe Emma?)

James Lowry and Rebecca Asher have sons Albert, Elmer, Ira and William and daughters, Nancy J., Malinda, Elda, Parmethia, Laura and Sarah J.

Allenson McLeland and Nancy Asher have no children

William Asher and Sarah Gift have no children

James Metcalf and Delilah Asher have no children

Potentially Connected Asher Families Children

Thomas Asher and Polly Asher have sons Alvin, Leroy, Allenson, Charles and Thomas and daughters Lehanah, Emma, Delilah, Matilda, Elizabeth, Florella, Valcenia/Melina (?)

Isaac Asher and Martha Greer have sons William, Thomas, Henry H., Sullivan? and Elhana B. and daughter Agnes

John Asher and Isabell Manly have sons Cornelius, Washington, Solomon (?), William (?), daughters Tabitha, Elizabeth and Matilda

Cornelius Asher and Julia Ann Melton have daughters Mary and Sarah and possibly 1 other

Joseph Bogue and Nancy Asher have sons Samuel, Thomas, William and Lewis and daughters Rebecca, Lydia

Washington Asher and Sarah Price have sons Tilman, John, Jacob and George and daughters Hester, Noami,

Hannah, Tabitha and Isabell

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1840 Alvin Asher enumerated Wayne, IN
Sarah Asher (widow of Thomas) enumerated Wayne, IN
John McLeland enumerated Clinton, IN
Allenson McLeland enumerated Clinton, IN
Thomas Asher enumerated Clinton, IN
Solomon Asher enumerated Owen, IN
Isaac Asher enumerated Shelby, IN
Washington Asher enumerated Huntington, IN
Cornelius Asher enumerated Rush, IN
James Metcalf enumerated Fayette, IN
Sarah Asher marries Edward Wyatt in Wayne, IN

1842 William Asher marries Jane Hatcher in Putnam, IN

1844 Sarah, Minerva & Mrs. Sarah Asher and Nancy Bogue members of Milton Christian Church, Wayne, IN

1845 William Asher marries Sarah Gift in Wayne, IN
Rebecca Asher marries James Lowry in Wayne, IN

1847 Thomas Asher marries Matilda Baxter in Wayne, IN
Solomon Asher marries Cinderella Hatcher Putnam, IN
Edward Quick marries Minerva Asher in Wayne, IN

1848 Nancy Asher marries Jacob Gallaher in Clinton, IN
William Asher buys land in Putnam, IN

Edward Wyatt dies, Jasper, IA

1850 Sarah Asher widow of T. enumerated Madison, IN
Thomas Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Madison, IN
Edward Quick enumerated Madison, IN
Erminia Arminia Asher Quick enumerate with mother Madison, IN
Joseph Bogue enumerated Madison, IN
Alvin Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Elkhart, IN
Asa Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Elkhart, IN
James Metcalf enumerated Marion, IA

Allenson McLeland enumerated Boone, IN
John McLeland enumerated Boone, Clinton, IN
William Asher enumerated Wayne, IN
Thomas & Polly Asher enumerated Boone, IN
James Lowry enumerated Fayette, IN
Cornelius Asher enumerated Marion, IA
Isaac Asher enumerated Tama, IA
Solomon Asher enumerated Putnam, IN (wife Mary)
William Asher enumerated Putnam, IN
John Asher enumerated Marion, IA
Sarah Asher Wyatt widow of Edward enumerated Jasper, IA
Washington Asher enumerated Marshall, IA

1853, August Sarah Asher Wyatt married John Bush/Bosch in Jasper, IA

1853 Asa Asher purchases land Putnam, IN

1854 Washington Asher buys land Hardin, IA
Isaac Asher buys land Tama, IA
Washington Asher enumerated in Hardin, IA

1855 Cornelius Asher buys land Hardin, IA
Elizabeth Asher buys land, Hardin, IA

1856 Washington Asher enumerated Hardin, IA

Alvin Asher, son of T & S enumerated Jasper CO, IA

1857 William Asher son of T. & S. arrives enumerated Allen, KS
Asa Asher son of T. & S. arrives, enumerated Allen, KS
Thomas Asher son of T. & S. arrives, enumerated Allen, KS
Thomas Asher McLeland son of Matilda Asher McLeland arrives, enumerated Allen, KS
William Asher son of T. & S. buys land Jasper, IA

1869William Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
Asa Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
Thomas Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
Thomas Asher McLeland son of Matilda Asher McLeland enumerated Allen, KS

1859 – Alvin Asher son of T. & S. buys land St. Clair, MO

1860 Allenson McLeland enumerated Clinton, IN
James Lowry enumerated Fayette, IN
Alvin Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Jasper, IA
Asa Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
William Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
Thomas Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Allen, KS
T.A. McLeland son of Matilda Asher McLeland enumerated Allen, KS
Washington Asher enumerated Nehema, KS
Thomas and Polly Asher enumerated Hickory, MO
Cornelius Asher enumerated Lucas, IA
John Asher enumerated Lucas, IA
Martha Asher widow of Isaac enumerated Tama, IA

1862 Leroy Asher son of Alvin Asher enlists IA
Asa Asher son of Alvin Asher enlists IA

1863 Leroy Asher son of Alvin Asher dies of disease

1867 Solomon Asher marries Elenor Ford in Owen, IN

1868 Washington Asher dies KS

1874 – Edward Quick dies Jasper County, IA

1880 William Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Muscatine, IA
Asa Asher son of Alvin Asher enumerated Marion, IA
Sarah Asher widow of Alvin Asher enumerated Marion, IA
Cornelius Asher enumerated Lucas, IA
James Lowry enumerated Fayette, IN
Edward Quick enumerated Jasper, IN
Asa Asher son of T. & S. enumerated McDonald, MO
Sarah Asher Edward Wyatt Bosch enumerated Nodaway, MO
Thomas Asher son of T. & S. enumerated Jackson, MO
T.A. McLeland son of Matilda Asher McLeland enumerated Allen, KS
Polly Asher enumerated Reno, KS

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Notes – T. & S. stands for Thomas and Sarah Asher my ancestors. I have not followed several possible relations through time prefering to concentrate on those with the surname of Asher at birth who have a connection with early Indiana counties of Wayne, Franklin, Rush and Delaware (although I confess I’ve somehow missed tracking Penina Asher Palin, which error I should rectify.) Possible other relations include Rhoda ?? Asher Holtzclaw, and a couple of other Hicks and Holtzclaw individuals who appear in early Wayne County, Indiana records as well as a large clan of Asher’s in Missouri and Tennessee.

Asher Timeline

note – Franklin,Fayette and Rush counties adjoin Wayne and Wayne and Delaware counties -adjoin Rush County.

1785 – 1795 Sarah ?? Asher born NC

1790 Thomas of Wayne, IN born in NC (?)

1792 John of Delaware/Rush, IN born TN

1793 Solomon of Putnam, IN born TN/NC

1797 Israel/Isaac of Rush, IN & Tama, IA born TN

1800.02 Nancy Asher Bogue born TN

1804 Penina Asher Nixon born NC

1806/07 Thomas Asher born TN (marries Polly)

1809 Alvin Asher son of T. & S. born TN/NC

1810/11 Matilda Asher McLeland daughter of T. & S. born IN

1812/14 John Asher serves in War of 1812 IN Militia

Thomas Asher serves in War of 1812 TN Militia

Solomon Asher serves in War of 1812 TN Militia

1813 John Asher marries Isabel Manly in Franklin, IN 1813

1814 Delilah Asher Metcalf daughter of T. & S. born IN

Hicks & Holtzclaw land purchases Wayne, IN

1815 Washington Asher born IN

1816 Rhoda Asher married James Holtzclaw, Wayne, IN

1817 Nancy Asher McLeland daughter of T. & S. born IN

1819 December 1818 William Asher son of T. & S. born

1820 Penina Asher marries Nixon Palin Wayne, IN

Thomas Asher enumerated in Wayne, IN

Thomas Asher purchases land in Wayne, IN

John Asher enumerated in Delaware, IN

Rebecca Asher Lowry daughter of T. & S. born IN

1822 Isaac Asher marries Martha Greer in Fayette, IN

Asa Asher son of T. & S. born IN

1823 Nancy Asher m. Joseph Bogue in Wayne, IN

1824 Cornelius Asher born IN

Sarah Asher Wyatt Bosch daughter of T. & S. born IN

1826 Thomas Asher son of T. & S. born IN

William Asher son of Solomon born in TN

1827 Thomas Asher marries Polly Asher in Wayne, IN

Minerva Asher Quick daughter of T. & S. born IN

1828 another Asa Asher born IN

1829, March – Minerva Asher Quick daughter of T. & S. born Wayne Co., IN

1829, November  – Matilda Asher marries John McLeland in Wayne, IN

1830 John Asher enumerated in Rush, IN

“Israel”Asher enumerated in Rush, IN

Thomas Asher enumerated in Rush, IN

Solomon Asher enumerated in Western Division, TN

Thomas Asher enumerated in Wayne, IN

Matilda Asher marries John McLeland in Wayne, IN

Nancy Asher Gallaher born IN

1831 William Asher marries Catharine Broomage in Putnam, IN

1832 Ermina Armina Asher Quick daughter of T. & S. born IN

1834 Nancy Asher marries Allenson McLeland in Wayne, IN

Delilah Asher marries James Metcalf in Wayne, IN

Alvin Asher buys land Clinton, IN

Thomas Asher buys land Clinton, IN

Thomas Asher of Wayne, IN dies intestate in October

1836 Cornelius Asher marries Julia Ann Melton In Rush, IN

1837 Washington Asher marries Sarah Price In Rush, IN

1839 Cele Asher marries Abel Tharp in Boone, IN

Alvin Asher marries Sarah Ann Perry in Wayne, IN

1840 Alvin Asher enumerated Wayne, IN

Sarah Asher (widow of Thomas) enumerated Wayne, IN

John McLeland enumerated Clinton, IN

Allenson McLeland enumerated Clinton, IN

Thomas Asher enumerated Clinton, IN

Solomon Asher enumerated Owen, IN

Isaac Asher enumerated Shelby, IN

Washington Asher enumerated Huntington, IN

Cornelius Asher enumerated Rush, IN

James Metcalf enumerated Fayette, IN

Sarah Asher marries Edward Wyatt in Wayne, IN

1842 William Asher marries Jane Hatcher in Putnam, IN

1844 Sarah, Minerva & Mrs. Sarah Asher and Nancy Bogue members of Milton Christina Church, Wayne, IN

1845 – William Asher marries Sarah Gift in Wayne, IN

Rebecca Asher marries James Lowry in Wayne, IN

1847 Thomas Asher marries Matilda Baxter in Wayne, IN

Solomon Asher marries Cinderella Hatcher Putnam, IN

Edward Quick marries Minerva Asher in Wayne, IN

1848 Nancy Asher marries Jacob Gallaher in Clinton, IN

William Asher buys land in Putnam, IN

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Trying to discover possible connection between individuals and families, it is sometimes useful to build a timeline of events in the life of an individual or group of possibly related individuals. I have lots of possibly related Asher individuals in Indiana in the period between 1810-1860. Clumps and clusters seem to share common migration paths, even though they don’t necessarily end up in the exact same part of the states they migrate to. Would a timeline help in sorting where and who migrated along similar routes, married at similar times etc? I’m not sure but I started creating the timeline with the rough birth dates of the key individuals I’m researching – Thomas Asher of Wayne County, IN and his wife Sarah, and two possibly related males Isaac (called Israel in the 1820 Census of Indiana) and John both of Delaware/Rush County, IN.

Asher Timeline Dang it the timeline didn’t paste in properly.  I’ll try again


It isn’t complete but as I work on it I’ll add more marriage dates, other land purchases, perhaps other death dates. I’ll also post 1840-1880 which should chronicle the migration cycles and land purchase patterns. Have I learned anything so far. Well based solely on rough year of birth, I would guess that Thomas, John and Isaac are brothers. I am questioning whether Sarah is the mother of all of Thomas Asher’s children. If she was born in 1785 (taken from the 1850 census) then she was 24 when Alvin was born and 47 when Jemima was born. Not impossible but it seems unlikely. In 1830 and 40 Thomas’ wife is listed as born between 1790-1800 which would make her 19 when Alvin was born and 42 when Jemima was born. Much more likely. the 1850 census is probably in error. Age inflation to increase status in the community? Teenage daughter for whom Mom seemed as old as the hills.

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